It’s so famous it’s almost ridiculous to put it in the notebook…
Current version built 447-438 BC, after the Persians destroyed everything on the Acropolis in 480. The fact that Athens was able to build such an incredible site after the disaster is indicative of the power they were able to acquire through their new-found maritime empire. An acropolis is citadel overlooking a city. There were some in many Greek cities, including Thebes, Corinth, Argos. By THE Acropolis, one means Athens’. The Acropolis replaced a bronze-age Mycenaean palace that was built on the site.
Very nice resource here: the Acropolis in detail.
The masterpiece of the Acropolis was the Parthenon, dedicated the Athena, the matron deity of Athens. 70 meters by 31. The worshipers would walk alongside the temple, looking inside, admiring the stonework and the monumental statue of Athena through the columns.
The Parthenon has a thin frieze running on all four side, the stonework depicting a religious procession. It’s the famous « Elgin Marbles » that were taken to the British Museum. The Greek authorities want them back.